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离婚期间,如何解决信用卡还债问题?

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Who Is Responsible for the Credit Card Debt in a Divorce?

离婚时,信用卡债务谁负责?
You are contractually responsible for any debt that is in your name, even if someone else acquired it or contributed to it, such as by being an authorized user on your credit card. If you don't pay the debt, the creditor can sue you and even try to collect on your share of jointly owned assets.
你需要对个人名义下的任何债务负合同责任,即使是其他人欠下的债务(比如他/她是你所持信用卡的授权用户。)如果你没有还款,债权人有权对你进行起诉,甚至会设法收走你的共同拥有资产份额。
But the way the courts handle debt during a divorce depends on where you file. In common law states, which account for most of the country, courts will likely hold you responsible for credit card debt in your name and jointly liable for credit card debt in both names.
但在离婚过程中,法院对债务的处理方式取决于你提出离婚申请的地方。在施行普通法的州(美国的大部分州都施行普通法),法院可能会让你承担你名下的信用卡债务,同时对双方名下的信用卡债务负连带责任。

离婚期间,如何解决信用卡还债问题.jpg

Nine states are community property states: Arizona, California, Idaho, Louisiana, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, Washington and Wisconsin. In a community property state, any debt your or your former spouse "acquired after the date of marriage and before the date of separation is community property," says Kelly Chang Rickert, a Los Angeles-area divorce lawyer. So, both spouses are equally liable. However, debts in your name incurred prior to marriage or after separation or divorce are not considered community debts.

有9个州是共同财产州,包括:亚利桑那州、加利福尼亚州、爱达荷州、路易斯安那州、内华达州、新墨西哥州、德克萨斯州、华盛顿和威斯康星州。在共同财产州,你或者前夫/前妻"在结婚后、离婚前欠下的"债务都属于"共同财产,"洛杉矶地区的离婚律师Kelly Chang Rickert说道。所以,夫妻双方承担同等责任。然而,结婚前或分居/离婚后个人欠下的债务不被视作共同债务。
No matter where you live, division of debts may be less than straightforward. In both community property and common law states, even when you are not contractually liable for your former spouse's credit card debt, a judge may order you to pay a portion of it, particularly if the debt was incurred for items necessary for the household.
无论你在哪生活,债务的划分都没有这般简单。在施行共同财产和普通法的州,即使在你无需对前夫/前妻的信用卡债务负合同责任的情况下,法官也可以命令你还清一部分债务,尤其是用于购买家庭所需品而产生的债务。
The circumstances of every divorce are different, of course. Other factors that the judge is likely to consider include the length of separation and any agreement the divorcing spouses have come to about specific debts. A judge may distribute responsibility for the debts in a way that is different from your contractual obligations to pay, but the judge's order does not change your contracts with your creditors.
当然,具体情况视离婚状况而定。法官可能考虑的其它因素包括:分居时间的长短、离婚夫妻双方就特定债务达成的协议。法官分配债务责任的方式可能与你合同义务所规定的方式不同,但法官的命令并不会改变你与债权人签订的合同。

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community [kə'mju:niti]

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n. 社区,社会,团体,共同体,公众,[生]群落

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distribute [di'stribjut]

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v. 分配,散布

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sue [su:]

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vt. 控告,起诉
vi. 请求,追求,起诉

 
liable ['laiəbl]

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adj. 有义务的,应负责的,有 ... 倾向

 
credit ['kredit]

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n. 信用,荣誉,贷款,学分,赞扬,赊欠,贷方

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prior ['praiə]

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adj. 优先的,更重要的,在前的
adv.

 
collect [kə'lekt]

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v. 收集,聚集
v. 推论

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spouse [spauz]

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n. 配偶

 
portion ['pɔ:ʃən]

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n. 部分,份,命运,分担的责任

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straightforward [streit'fɔ:wəd]

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adj. 笔直的,率直的

 
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